SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2013
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies [Text Block]||
The accompanying audited consolidated financial statements and related notes have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP).
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, its wholly-owned subsidiaries and VIEs in which the Company is the primary beneficiary. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. The consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared as if the existing corporate structure had been in existence throughout the periods presented and as if the reorganization had occurred as of the beginning of the earliest period presented.
On December 4, 2013, the Company sold its 100% interest in CDGC and its subsidiaries to Hong Long. As such, CDGC’s assets and liabilities have been classified on the consolidated balance sheet as assets and liabilities of discontinued operations as of December 31, 2012. The operating results of CDGC have been classified as discontinued operations in our statements of operations for all years presented. Unless otherwise indicated, all disclosures and amounts in the notes to the consolidated financial statements relate to the Company’s continuing operations.
As more fully described in Note 23 to the consolidated financial statements, certain errors resulting in improperly reflecting the consolidated financial statements as of December 31, 2012 and for the year ended December 31, 2012 and incorrectly accounting for a related party transaction as of December 31, 2013 and for the year end December 31, 2013, were discovered by management of the Company during the current year.
Certain prior year information has been reclassified to be comparable with the current period presentation. This reclassification has no effect on previously reported net income.
The Company has no direct or indirect legal or equity ownership interest in Pingtan Fishing. Moreover, another set of VIE agreements have been entered between Pingtan Guansheng and the shareholders of Pingtan Fishing. The shareholders of Pingtan Fishing also have assigned all their rights as shareholders, including voting rights and disposition rights of their equity interest in Pingtan Fishing to Pingtan Guansheng, our direct, wholly-owned subsidiary. Accordingly, by virtue of the VIE Agreements, Pingtan Guansheng is the primary beneficiary of Pingtan Fishing as defined by ASC 810 “Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities”. Therefore, Pingtan Fishing is consolidated as VIE.
In accordance with ASC 810-10-15-14, Pingtan Fishing and its subsidiaries; namely Pingtan Dingxin, Pingtan Duoying and Pingtan Ruiying are deemed VIEs for two reasons. First, the equity stockholders of Pingtan Fishing do not significantly enjoy the benefits of income or suffer the consequences of losses. Second, the equity stockholders of Pingtan Fishing do not possess the direct or indirect ability through voting or similar rights to make decisions regarding their activities that have a significant effect on the success of Pingtan Fishing. Therefore, in accordance with ASC 810-10-25-38A, the Company is deemed to be the primary beneficiary of Pingtan Fishing and the financial statements of Pingtan Fishing are consolidated in the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
The following tables show the assets and liabilities of the Company’s VIEs after eliminating the intercompany balances as of December 31, 2013 and 2012. The VIEs include Pingtan Fishing Group which comprises of Pingtan Fishing itself and its three subsidiaries; namely Pingtan Dingxin, Pingtan Duoying and Pingtan Ruiying. The creditors of Pingtan Fishing Group do not have recourse against the general creditors of their primary beneficiaries or other Group members.
The following tables show the revenue and cost of revenue, and net income of the Company’s VIEs after eliminating the intercompany balances for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011.
The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management of the Company to make a number of estimates and assumptions relating to the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the years. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include the recoverability of the carrying amount and the estimated useful lives of long-lived assets; valuation allowances for receivables, and realizable values for inventories. Accordingly, actual results could differ from those estimates.
The Company uses United States dollars (“U.S. Dollar” or “US$” or “$”) for financial reporting purposes. The subsidiaries within the Company maintain their books and records in their respective functional currency, Chinese Renminbi (“RMB”) and Hong Kong dollars (“HKD”), being the lawful currency in the PRC and Hong Kong, respectively. Assets and liabilities of foreign subsidiaries are translated at the rate of exchange in effect on the balance sheet date; income and expenses are translated at the average rate of exchange prevailing during the period. The related transaction adjustments are reflected in “Accumulated other comprehensive income’’ in the equity section of the Company’s consolidated balance sheet. A summary of exchange rate is as follows:
Cash consists of cash on hand and at banks.
The Company only grants credit terms to established customers who are deemed to be financially responsible. Credit periods to independent customers are within 180 days after customers received the purchased goods.
The Company maintains allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses. The Company reviews customer credit worthiness, past transaction history, and changes in payment terms when determining the adequacy of these allowances. Accounts are written off against the allowance when it becomes evident collection will not occur.
No allowance for doubtful accounts has been provided for accounts receivable from third party customers for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The company collected a majority of receivable balances from third party customers as of December 31, 2013 and 2012 within 60 days subsequent to respective balance sheet dates, and historically has not experienced uncollectible accounts from customers granted with credit sales.
The Company recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the price to the customer is fixed or determinable, and collection of the resulting receivable is reasonably assured.
With respects to the sale of frozen fish and other marine catches to third party customers, most of which are sole proprietor regional wholesalers in China, the Company recognizes revenue when customers pick up purchased goods at the Company’s cold storage warehouse, after payment is received by the Company or credit sale is approved by the Company for recurring customers who have history of financial responsibility. The Company does not offer promotional payments, customer coupons, rebates or other cash redemption offers to its customers. The Company does not accept returns from customers. Deposits or advance payments from customers prior to delivery of goods are recorded as receipt in advance.
Government grants are recognized at their fair value where there is reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with. When the grant relates to an expense item, it is recognized as income over the periods necessary to match the grant on a systematic basis to the costs that it is intended to compensate. Where the grant relates to an asset, the fair value is credited to the cost of the asset and is released to the income statement over the expected useful life in a consistent manner with the depreciation method for the relevant asset.
Deferred income represents income collected but not earned as of the report date. This is primarily composed of receipts of the government grants to construct new fishing vessels. Upon the completion of the construction of the fishing vessels, the grant is deducted from the cost of the fishing vessels.
Each of the Company’s fishing vessels requires an approval from Ministry of Agriculture of the People's Republic of China to carry out ocean fishing projects in foreign territories. These approvals are valid for a period from three to twelve months, and are awarded to the Company at no cost. The Company applies for the renewal of the approval prior to expiration to avoid interruptions of fishing vessels’ operations.
Each of the Company’s fishing vessels operated in Indonesia water requires a fishing license granted by the authority in Indonesia. Indonesia fishing licenses remain effective for a period of twelve months and the Company applies for renewal prior to expiration. The Company records cost of Indonesia fishing licenses in prepaid expenses and amortizes over the effective period of the licenses.
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost comprises of fuel, depreciation, amortization, direct labor, shipping, consumables, and government levied charges and taxes. Consumables include fishing nets and metal containers used by fishing vessels. The Company’s fishing fleets in India and Indonesia waters operate around the year, although the May to July period demonstrates lower catch quantities compared to the October to January peak season. Cost of frozen fish and other marine catches at period-ends is calculated using the weighted average method. There was no inventory valuation reserve provided as at December 31, 2013 and 2012.
Prepaid fixed assets deposits represents prepayments of construction costs for the construction of 32 fishing vessels. Prepaid fixed assets deposits shall be reclassified to property, plant and equipment upon construction completion.
Property, plant and equipment are recorded at cost less accumulated depreciation. Expenditures for major additions and betterments are capitalized. Depreciation of property, plant and equipment is computed by the straight-line method over the assets estimated useful lives.
Upon sale or retirement of property, plant and equipment, the related cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any gain or loss is reflected in operations.
The estimated useful lives of the assets are as follows:
Expenditures for repairs and maintenance, which do not extend the useful life of the assets, are expensed as incurred.
Interest associated with the construction of a fishing vessel is capitalized and included in the cost of the fishing vessels. When no debt is incurred specifically for the construction of a fishing vessel, interest is capitalized on amounts expended on the construction using weighted-average cost of the Company’s outstanding borrowings. Capitalization of interest ceases when the construction is substantially complete or the construction activity is suspended for more than a brief period. The Company capitalized interest of $1,094,589, $545,407 and $109,899 for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively in the fishing vessels under construction.
In accordance with FASB ASC Topic 360, “Property, Plant and Equipment”, the Company tests long-lived assets or asset groups for recoverability when events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying amount may not be recoverable. Circumstances which could trigger a review include, but are not limited to: significant decreases in the market price of the asset; significant adverse changes in the business climate or legal factors; accumulation of costs significantly in excess of the amount originally expected for the acquisition or construction of the asset; current period cash flow or operating losses combined with a history of losses or a forecast of continuing losses associated with the use of the asset; and current expectation that the asset will more likely than not be sold or disposed significantly before the end of its estimated useful life. Recoverability is assessed based on the carrying amount of the asset and its fair value which is generally determined based on the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and the eventual disposal of the asset, as well as specific appraisal in certain instances. An impairment loss is recognized when the carrying amount is not recoverable and exceeds fair value. If long-lived assets are to be disposed, depreciation is discontinued, if applicable, and the assets are reclassified as held for sale at the lower of their carrying amounts or fair values less costs to sell.
Under the current laws of the Cayman Islands and British Virgin Islands, the Company and Merchant Supreme are not subject to any income or capital gains tax, and dividend payments that the Company may make are not subject to any withholding tax in the Cayman Islands or British Virgin Islands. Under the current laws of Hong Kong, Prime Cheer is not subject to any capital gains tax and dividend payments and are not subject to any withholding tax in Hong Kong.
The Company is not incorporated nor does it engage in any trade or business in the United States and is not subject to United States federal income taxes. The Company did not derive any significant amount of income subject to such taxes after completion of the Share Exchange and accordingly, no relevant tax provision is made in the consolidated statements of operations.
Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are determined based upon differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be effective when the differences are expected to reverse.
Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance to the extent that management concludes it is more likely than not that the assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the consolidated statements of income in the period that includes the enactment date.
The Company prescribes a more-likely-than-not threshold for financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken in the tax return. This interpretation also provides guidance on de-recognition of income tax assets and liabilities, classification of current and deferred income tax assets and liabilities, accounting for interest and penalties associated with tax positions, accounting for income taxes in interim periods and income tax disclosures. As of December 31, 2013 and 2012, there were no amounts that had been accrued with respect to uncertain tax positions.
The Company's VIE, Pingtan Fishing, is a qualified ocean fishing enterprise certified by the Ministry of Agriculture of the PRC. The qualification is renewed on April 1 each year. Pingtan Fishing is exempt from income tax derived from its ocean fishing operations in the periods it processes a valid Ocean Fishing Enterprise Qualification Certificate issued by the Ministry of Agriculture of the PRC.
In addition, Pingtan Fishing is not subject to foreign income taxes for its operations in India and Indonesia Exclusive Economic Zones.
In January 2010, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update “ASU 2010-06” “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures”. The new guidance clarifies two existing disclosure requirements and requires two new disclosures as follows: (1) a “gross” presentation of activities (purchases, sales, and settlements) within the Level 3 rollforward reconciliation, which will replace the “net” presentation format; and (2) detailed disclosures about the transfers in and out of Level 1 and 2 measurements. This guidance is effective for the first interim or annual reporting period beginning after December 15, 2009, except for the gross presentation of the Level 3 rollforward information, which is required for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2010, and for interim reporting periods thereafter. The Company adopted the amended fair value disclosures guidance on January 1, 2012.
As of December 31, 2013 and 2012, none of the Company’s financial assets or liabilities were measured at fair value on a recurring basis. As of December 31, 2013 and 2012, none of the Company’s non-financial assets or liabilities was measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis.
The carrying values of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities, including accounts receivable, other receivables, other current assets, short-term loans, accounts payable, and accrued liabilities and other payables, are a reasonable estimate of fair value because of the short period of time between the origination of such instruments and their expected realization and if applicable, their stated interest rate approximates current rates available. It is not practicable to estimate the fair values of advance to and advance from related parties because of the related party nature of such advances.
In the normal course of business, the Company is subject to contingencies, including legal proceedings and environmental claims arising out of the normal course of businesses that relate to a wide range of matters, including among others, contracts breach liability. The Company records accruals for such contingencies based upon the assessment of the probability of occurrence and, where determinable, an estimate of the liability. Management may consider many factors in making these assessments including past history, scientific evidence and the specifics of each matter.
The Company’s management has evaluated all such proceedings and claims that existed as of December 31, 2013 and 2012. In the opinion of management, the ultimate disposition of these matters will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, liquidity or results of operations.
The Company’s operations are conducted in the PRC. Accordingly, the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations may be influenced by the political, economic and legal environment in the PRC, and by the general state of the PRC economy.
The Company’s operation in the PRC is subject to special considerations and significant risks not typically associated with companies in North America and Western Europe. These include risks associated with, among others, the political, economic and legal environment and foreign currency exchange. The Company’s results may be adversely affected by changes in the political and social conditions in the PRC, and by changes in governmental policies with respect to laws and regulations, anti-inflationary measures, currency conversion, remittances aboard, and rates and methods of taxation, among other things.
According the sale agreement signed on December 4, 2013, the Company does not own 20 fishing vessels but has the operating license rights to operate these vessels which are owned by Hong Long and entitled to 100% of net profit (loss) of the vessels. The Company has latitude in establishing price and discretion in supplier selection. There were no economic risks associated with the operating license rights but the Company may need to bear the operation risks and credit risks as aforementioned.
Cost for pension and employee benefits was $24,502, $nil and $nil for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
ASC 280 “Segment reporting” establishes standards for reporting information on operating segments in interim and annual financial statements. The Company currently has only one segment, all of the Company’s continuing operations and customers are in the PRC and all income is derived from ocean fishery.
Earnings per ordinary share (basic and diluted) is based on the net income attributable to ordinary shareholders divided by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during each period. Ordinary share equivalents are not included in the calculation of diluted earnings per ordinary share if their effect would be anti-dilutive. Retroactive treatment as required by FASB ASC paragraph 260-10-55-12 has been applied in computing earnings per share to reflect the business combination held on February 25, 2013.
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net income per ordinary share:
For the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, the number of securities convertible into ordinary shares not included in diluted EPS because the effect would have been anti-dilutive consists of the following:
In February 2013, the FASB issued new authoritative accounting guidance related to the recognition and measurement of obligations arising from joint and several liability arrangements. This authoritative accounting guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2013 and is to be applied retrospectively. Based on its evaluation, the Company determined this guidance does not currently impact the Company’s financial statements and disclosures.
In July 2013, the FASB issued new authoritative accounting guidance related to the reporting of unrecognized tax benefits when a net operating loss carryforward, similar tax loss, or tax credit carryforward exists. The guidance states an unrecognized tax benefit, or a portion of an unrecognized tax benefit, should be presented in the financial statements as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss carry-forward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carry-forward, with certain exceptions. This authoritative accounting guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2013, and is to be applied prospectively to all unrecognized tax benefits that exist at the effective date. The Company determined this guidance does not significantly impact the Company’s financial statements and disclosures.
There are no new significant accounting standards applicable to the Company that have been issued but not yet adopted by the Company as of December 31, 2013.
The entire disclosure for the basis of presentation and significant accounting policies concepts. Basis of presentation describes the underlying basis used to prepare the financial statements (for example, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Other Comprehensive Basis of Accounting, IFRS). Accounting policies describe all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
No definition available.